Neymar and his parents are to stand trial over alleged fraud and corruption.
In addition the Barcelona president, Josep Maria Bartomeu, and his predecessor Sandro Rosell will go on trial for alleged fraud and corruption over Neymar’s transfer from Santos in 2013.
The two clubs were also ordered to stand trial. All have denied wrongdoing.
Spanish prosecutors have recommended Neymar be handed a two-year jail sentence and fined €10m. Sentences of two years or less are usually suspended for first-time offenders in Spain.